IntroductionThis guide will help you set up encrypted email on Mac OS X. For encryption on Windows, click here. The Access Now Helpline is at your service if you have any questions.
Encrypted Email Set-up for Mac
- Download and Install GPGTools
- Download and Install Thunderbird
- Download and Install Enigmail
- Link Thunderbird to Your Existing Email
- Create a Private and Public Key: Your Key Pair
- Generate a Revocation Certificate
- Store Your Key Pair Somewhere Safe
- Publish Your Public Key
- Send Your First Encrypted Email
- Add Your PGP ID to Your Email Signature
|Last updated: July 2015|
|Please consider this date when evaluating the accuracy and security of the following guide.|
|In order to better protect the data on your computer, we highly recommend using device encryption. To do so, enable Mac’s FileVault before starting this guide.|
Download and Install GPGTools
- Download GPG Suite, the encryption manager by clicking Download GPG Suite.
- Click Save File, and then click the download arrow in the top right of your browser. Click the GPG Suite .dmg file in your recent downloads.
- Click Install. In the installation wizard, click Continue, then Install.
Download and Install Thunderbird
Please visit Thunderbird’s website to downloand this email application.
Click the green Download Thunderbird button.
When prompted, select Save File.
Click the download arrow in the top right of your browser. Click the Thunderbird .dmg file in your recent downloads.
- When prompted, Drag the Thunderbird icon into your Applications folder.
Download and Install Enigmail
Enigmail is an encryption/decryption add-on for Thunderbird.
- Open Thunderbird and click the three-bar menu button on the far right.
- Click Add-ons.
- Type “Enigmail” in the search field on the right. The first result should read “Enigmail”, click install.
- When prompted, restart Thunderbird to let the Add-on finalize its installation
Link Thunderbird to Your Existing Email
- Add your existing email account to Thunderbird by navigating to Thunderbird’s menu bar. Click File, then click New, then Existing Mail Account.
- Fill out your complete name, your email address and your password. It’s important to fill out your First and Last name if you want the receiver to recognize you.
- Click Continue.
Upgrade Thunderbird’s Security Settings
- Navigate to Thunderbird’s menu bar, select Tools then Account Settings.
- Click OpenPgp Security on the left. Everything should be checked. Make sure “Use specific OpenPGP key ID” is selected, with your public key below it. Click OK.
Create a Private and Public Key: Your Key Pair
- Go to the Thunderbird menu bar. Click Enigmail then choose Key Management.
- A window should appear. Check Display All Keys by Default to the right of the Search box.
- Go to Generate and choose New Key Pair.
- Choose a secure passphrase (password) for your keys. It should be long, include special characters, capital letters and numbers. You must remember this passphrase. You may leave the “Comment” section blank.
- Click on the Advanced tab next to Key Expiry, and confirm the key size is 4096.
- Click Generate Key and confirm.
|You will also be asked to generate a revocation certificate. Please do so by clicking Generate Certificate, and save it in a secure location (like a usb stick that you keep for exclusive, personal use).|
Find out more in the following section.
Generate a Revocation Certificate
This step will allow you to discontinue use of your key securely at any time. It is very important to create a revocation certificate for future use. Revoking your key will prevent people from encrypting to the revoked key, and signals to the keyservers that the key is no longer valid.
If you did not create a revocation certificate in the section above, please do so now.
- Go to the Thunderbird Menu Bar. Find Enigmail, click, and choose Key Management.
Find the key that you would like to generate a revocation certificate for, and right click on it.
Select Generate and Save a Revocation Certificate from the menu.
- Choose a secure location to save your revocation certificate. A USB stick that you do not lend out and is kept for exclusive, personal use is a good choice.
Type in your passphrase, and click OK.
You will be notified the revocation key was successfully generated. Click OK.
Store Your Key Pair Somewhere Safe
This is important if you want to use encryption on another computer, or your hard drive is wiped.
- Right click your key in Key Management and choose Export Keys to File.
- Choose explicitly to Export Secret Key.
- Choose where you would like the keys to be saved.
|Your keys are the most important component of the encryption system, and their security should be top priority. Only export to a secure place, like a USB stick that you use exclusively and do not lend out.|
- Click Save. You should see a “keys were successfully saved” message.
Publish Your Public Key
Others must import your public key to encrypt messages to you. To let others find your public key, you may upload your public key to a key server. Public keys are searchable by the email used or PGP Key ID.
- Go to Thunderbird’s menu bar. Click Enigmail, then Key Management.
- Right click on your key and choose: Upload Public Keys to Keyserver.
- Click OK. Whatever keyserver you choose will be mirrored on the other servers, so choose any one.
Send Your First Encrypted Email
Download Your Receiver’s Public Key
- Go to Thunderbird’s Menu Bar. Select Enigmail, then Key Management. Look to the menu bar again, and select Key Server then Search for Keys.
- Search for a key by typing the email of the receiver or the ID of the PGP key|
- Select the key from the import window and click OK.
A message will appear saying that the key has been imported.
Once the public key of the receiver is downloaded, you may send them an encrypted email.
Send the Email
- In Thunderbird’s window, click Write on the top left.
- Confirm the Lock is locked and the Pencil is highlighted. This shows the email is encrypted and signed. If it is not review Thunderbird’s security settings before continuing.
- Type the receiver’s email address in To, write the Subject and your email message. Click send when complete.
|The Subject of the email is never encrypted. Do not write private information in the subject line under any circumstances.|
- After clicking Send, you must fill out your Passphrase and click OK.
Add Your PGP ID to Your Email Signature
Navigate to Thunderbird’s menu bar, select Tools, then Account Settings.
Find your PGP key under OpenPGP Security and copy it.
- Look under Signature text. Type your public key (found under OpenPGP Security) into your signature.
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